Responses to colonial rule came from all segments of society. Chiefs resisted the usurpation of their power. One such vocal resistance against this arbitrary foreign domination was that of King Aggrey of Cape Coast. His protestations to the colonial governor against the usurpation of his traditional authority eventually resulted in his deportation to Sierra Leone.
Apart from the traditional leaders and the educated elite, ordinary people including farmers also played a role in the nationalist struggle. The cocoa hold-ups of 1930s led by Tetteh Ansa meant to break the monopoly of the Great Combines, Compagnie Francaise de l’Afrique Occidenatale (CFAO), Societe Commercial de l’Ouest Africain (SCOA) and Unilever was one such action of defiance against some colonial policies.
Earlier nationalist agitations also include the formation of the Fante Confederation in 1868 to the Aborigines Rights Protection Society (ARPS) in 1897 which is described as the most important mass protest movement in the land. It challenged obnoxious government policies such as the Lands Act of 1897, which it succeeded in preventing from being passed into law.Read Full History